THE APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION OF THE CHURCH OF THE CULDEES

While Apostolic Succession is important, it has no real meaning apart from Apostolic Faith. All the provable lines of Bishops laying hands on candidates to ordain them as bishops means nothing if the newly ordained man or woman is not teaching the very same Gospel that Our Lord and God Jesus Christ delivered to the Apostles.

The three primary lines of Apostolic Succession enjoyed by the Church of the Culdees are the Antiochian - Jacobite; the Roman - Old Catholic; and the Jewish - Celtic. The first two listings include the order of succession from Peter, and the third from James the Less, Bishop of Jerusalem. The individual successions are listed to the Consecration of Archbishop H. A. Spruit by Bishops L. P. Wadle, C. Hampton, C. Hanlon and F. Marshall in 1957, when they were joined. On July 12, 1980, Archbishop Spruit was the chief consecrator of The Most Rev. Robert E. Burns, SSD. Bishop Burns and Bishop Patricia DuMont-Ford consecrated The Most Rev. Ivan B. D. G. MacKillop, OCC, Presiding Abbot of the Church of the Culdees, to the Episcopate on November 30, 1984. After these listings, there is a brief description of other lines of Succession of Archbishp Spruit and his successors.

The Antiochian - Jacobite Succession:

(1) Peter, 38; (2) Evodus 40; (3) Ignatius I, 43; (4) Aaron, 123; (5) Cornelius, 123;
(6) Eodos, 142; (7) Theophulus, 157; (8) Maximinus, 171; (9) Seraphim, 179;
(10) Astlediaes, 189; (11) Philip, 201; (12) Sebinus {Zebinus},219; (13) Babylos, 237;
(14) Fabius, 250; (15) Demetrius, 251; (16) Paul I, 259; (17) Domnus I, 270;
(18) Timotheus, 281; (19) Cyrilus, 281; (20) Tyrantus, 296; (21)Vitalius, 301;
(22) Philognius, 318; (23) Eustachius, 323; (24) Paulinius, 338; (25) Philabianus, 383;
(26) Evagrius, 386; (27) Phosohorius, 416; (28) Alexander, 418; (29) John I, 428;
(30) Theodotus, 431; (31) Domnus II, 442; (32) Maximus, 450; (33) Accacius, 454;
(34) Martyrius, 457; (35) Peter II, 464; (36) Philadius, 500; (37) Serverius, 509; (38)Segius, 544; (39) Domnus III, 547; (40) Anadtasius, 560; (41) Gregory I, 564; (42) Paul II, 567; (43) Patra, 571; (44) Domnus IV, 586; (45) Julianus, 591; (46) Athanasius I, 595; (47) John II, 636; (48) Theodorus I, 649; (49) Severus, 668; (50) Athanasius II, 684; (51) Julianus II, 687; (52) Elias I, 709; (53) Athanasius III 724; (54) Evanius I, 740; (55) Gervasius I, 759; (56) Joseph, 790; (57) Cyriacus, 793; (58) Dionysius I, 818; (59) John III, 847;
(60) Ignatius II, 877; (61) Theodosius, 887; (62) Dionysius II 897; (63) John IV, 910; (64)Basilus I, 922; (65) John V, 936; (66) Evanius II, 954; (67) Dionysius III, 958;
(68) Abraham I, 962; (69) John VI, 965, (70) Athamasius IV, 987; (71) John VII, 1004;
(72) Dionysius IV, 1032; (73) Theodorus II, 1042; (74) Athanasius V, 1058; (75) John VIII, 1064; (76) Basilius II, 1074; (77) Abdoone, 1076; (78) Dionysius V, 1077; (79) Evanius III, 1080; (80)Dionysius VI, 1088; (81) Athanasius VI, 1091; (82) John IX, 1131;
(83) Athanasius VII, 1139; (84) Michael I, 1167; (85) Athanasius VIII, 1200; (86) Michael II, 1207; (87) John X, 1208; (88) Ignatius III, 1223; (89) Dionysius VII, 1253; (90) John XI, 1253; (91) Ignatius IV, 1264; (92) Philanus, 1283; (93) Ignatius Baruhid, 1293;
(94) Ignatius Ismael, 1333; (95) Ignatius Basilius III, 1366; (96) Ignatius Abraham II, 1382; (97) Ignatius Bacalius IV, 1412; (98) Ignatius Behanam I, 1415; (99) Ignatius Kalejih, 1455; (100) Ignatius John XII, 1483; (101) Ignatius Noah, 1492; (102) Ignatius Jesus I, 1509; (103) Ignatius Jacob I, 1510; (104) Ignatius David I, 1519; (105) Ignatius Abdullah I, 1520; (106) Ignatius Naamathalak, 1557; (107) Ignatius David II, 1577;
(108) Ignatius Philathus, 1591; (109) Ignatius Abdullah II, 1597; (110) Ignatius Cadhai, 1598; (111) Ignatius Simeon, 1640; (112) Ignatius Jesus II, 1661; (113) Ignatius Messiah, 1661; (114) Ignatius Cabeeb, 1686; (115) Ignatius Gervasius II, 1687; (116) Ignatius Isaac, 1708; (117) Ignatius Siccarablak, 1722; (118) Ignatius Gervasius III, 1746; (119) Ignatius Gervasius IV, 1768; (120) Ignatius Mathias, 1781; (121) Ignatius Behanam, 1810;
(122) Ignatius Jonas, 1817; (123) Ignatius Gervasius V, 1818; (!24) Ignatius Elias II, 1839;
(125) Ignatius Jacob II, 1847; (126) Mar Ignatius Peter III, 1872.

(127) Paulose Mar Athanasius (Kadavil Kooran) was consecrated on December 4, 1907 by Mar Ignatius Peter III as Syrian Antioch Bishop of Kottayam and Metropolitan of Malabar (India).

(128) Mar Julius I (Antonio Francis Xavier Alvares) was consecrated July 28, 1889, by Paulose Mar Athanasius, under authority of Patriarch Ignatius Peter III to be Archbishop of the Latin Rite Independent Catholic Church of Ceylon, Goa and India.

(129) Joseph Rene Vilatte was consecrated on May 29, 1892 in Columba, Ceylon at Our Lady of Good Death Cathedral by Mar Julius I, under authority of a Bull of Mar Ignatius Peter III, to serve as Archbishop of North America.

(130) Fredrick E. Lloyd, 1915; (131) Samuel Gregory Lines, 1923; (132)Justin Boyle, 1927; (133)Lowel Paul Wadle, 1940; (134) Herman Adrian Spruit, 1957

Roman - Old Catholic Succession

(1) Peter, 38; (2) Linus, 67; (3) Ancletus {Cletus}, 76; (4)Clement, 88; (5) Evaristus, 97;
(6) Alexander I, 105; (7) Sixtus I, 115; (8) Telesphorus, 125; (9) Hygimus, 136; (10) Pius I, 140; (11) Anicetus, 155; (12) Soter, 166; (13) Eleutherius, 175; (14) Victor I, 189;
(15) Zephyrinus, 199; (16) Callistus I, 217; (17) Urban I, 222; (18) Pontian, 230; (19) Anterus, 235; (20) Fabian, 236; (21) Cornelius, 251; (22) Lucius I, 253; (23) Stephen I, 254;
(24) Sixtus II, 257; (25) Dionysius, 259; (26) Felix I, 269; (27) Eutychian, 275; (28) Caius, 283; (29) Marcellinus, 296; (30) Marcellus I, 308; (31) Eucebius, 309; (32) Melchiades {Miltiades}, 311; (33) Sylvester I, 314; (34) Marcus, 336; (35) Julius I, 337; (36) Liberius, 352 Liberius was expelled from Rome by the Arian Emperor Constantius, during his absence, the See of Rome was held by Felix II, who resigned upon the return of Liberius from his two year exile.; (37) Damasus I, 366; (38) Siricius, 384; (39) Anastasius I, 399; (40) Innocent I, 401; (41) Zosimus, 417; (42) Boniface I, 418; (43) Celestine I, 422; (44) Sixtus III, 432; (45) Leo I, 440; (46) Hilary, 461; (47) Simplicius, 468; (48) Felix III, 483; (49) Gelasius I, 492; (50) Anastasius II, 496; (51) Symmachus, 498; (52) Hormisdus, 514; (53) John I, 523; (54) Felix IV, 526; (55) Boniface II, 530; (56) John II, 535; (57) Agapitus, 535, (58) Sylverius, 536; (59) Vigilus, 537; (60) Pelagius I, 556; (61) John III, 561; (62) Benedict I, 575; (63) Pelagius II, 579; (64) Gregory I, 590; (65) Sabinianus, 604;
(66) Boniface III, 607; (67) Boniface IV, 608; (68) Deusdedit {Adeodatus I}, 615; (69) Boniface V, 619; (70) Honorius, 625; (71) Severinus, 640; (72) John IV, 640; (73) Theodore I, 642; (74) Martin I, 649; (75) Eugene I, 654; (76) Vitalian, 657; (77) Adeodatus II, 672; (78) Donus, 676; (79) Agatho, 678; (80) Leo II, 682; (81) Benedict II, 684; (82) John V, 685; (83) Conon, 686; (84) Sergius I, 687; (85) John VI, 701; (86) John VII, 705; (87) Sisinnius, 708; (88) Constantine, 708; (89) Gregory II, 715 (90) Gregory III, 731; (91) Zachary, 741; (92) Stephen II, 752; (93) Paul I, 757; (94) Stephen III, 768; (95) Adrian I, 772; (96) Leo III, 795; (97) Stephan IV, 816; (98) Paschal I, 817; (99) Eugene II, 824; (100) Valentine, 827; (101) Gregory IV, 827; (102) Sergius II, 844; (103) Leo IV, 847; (104) Benedict III, 855; (105) Nicholas I, 858; (106) Adrian II, 867; (107) John VIII, 872; (108) Marinus I, 882; (109) Adrian III, 884; (110) Stephan V, 885; (111) Formosus, 891; (112) Boniface VI; (113) Steven VI, 897; (114) Romanus, 897; (115)Theodore II, 897; (116) John IX, 898; (117) Benedict IV, 900; (118) Leo V, 903; (119) Sergius III, 904; (120) Anastasius III, 911; (121) Landus, 913; (122) John X, 914; (123) Leo VI, 938; (124) Stephan VII, 928; (125) John XI, 931; (126) Leo VII, 936; (127) Stephen VIII, 939; (128) Maginus II, 942; (129) Agapitus II, 946; (130) John XIII, 955; (131) Leo VII, 963; (132) Benedict V, 964; (133) John XIV, 965; (134) Benedict VI, 973; (135) Benedict VII, 974; (136) John XIV, 983, (137) John XV, 985; (138) Gregory V, 996; (139) Sylvester II, 999; (140) John XVII, 1003; (141) John XVIII, 1004; (142) Sergius IV, 1009; (143) Benedict VIII, 1012; (144) John XIX, 1024; (145) Benedict IX, 1032; (146) Sylvester III, 1045; (147) Benedict IX {Second time},1045; (148) Gregory VI, 1045; (149)Clement II, 1046; (150) Benedict IX {Third time},1047; (151) Damasus II, 1048; (152) Leo IX, 1049; (153) Victor II, 1055; (154) Stephan IX, 1057; (155) Nicholas II, 1059; (156) Alexander II, 1061; (157) Gregory VII, 1073; (158) Victor III, 1087; (159) Urban II, 1088; (160) Paschal II, 1099; (161) Gelasius II, 1118; (162) Callistus II, 1119; (163) Honorius II, 1124; (164) Innocent II, 1130; (165) Celestine II, 1143; (166) Lucius II, 1144; (167) Eugene III 1145; (168) Anastasius IV, 1153; (169) Adrian IV, 1154; (170) Alexander III, 1159; (171) Lucius III, 1181; (172) Urban III, 1185; (173) Gregory VIII, 1187; (174) Clement III, 1187; (175) Celestine III, 1191; (176) Innocent III, 1198; (177) Honorius III, 1216; (178) Gregory IX, 1227; (179) Celestine IV, 1241; (180) Innocent IV, 1243; (181) Alexander IV, 1254: (182) Urban IV, 1261; (183) Clement IV, 1265; (184) Gregory X, 1271; (185) Innocent V, 1276; (186) Adrian V, 1276; (187) John XXI, 1276; (188) Nicholas III, 1277; (189) Martin IV, 1281; (190) Honorius IV, 1285; (191) Nicholas IV 1288; (192) Celestine V, 1294; (193) Boniface VIII, 1294; (194) Benedict XI, 1303; (195) Clement V, 1305; (196) John XXII, 1316; (197) Benedict XII, 1334; (198) Clement VI, 1342; (199) Innocent VI, 1352; (200) Urban V, 1362; (201) Gregory XI, 1370; (202) Urban VI, 1378; (203) Boniface IX, 1389; (204) Innocent VII, 1389; (205) Gregory XII, 1406; (206) Martin V, 1417; (207) Eugene IV, 1431; (208) Nicholas V, 1447; (209) Callistus III, 1455; (210) Pius II, 1458; (211) Paul II, 1464; (212) Sixtus IV, 1471; (213) Innocent VIII, 1484; (214) Alexander VI, 1492; (215) Pius III, 1503; (216) Julius II, 1503; (217) Leo X, 1513; (218) Adrian VI, 1522; (219) Clement VII, 1523; (220) Paul III, 1534; (221) Julius III, 1550; (222) Marcellus II, 1555; (223) Paul IV, 1555; (224) Pius IV, 1559; (225) Pius V, 1566; (226) Gregory XIII, 1572; (227) Sixtus V, 1585; (228) Urban VII, 1590; (229) Gregory XIV, 1590; (230) Innocent IX, 1591; (231) Clement VIII, 1592; (232) Leo XI, 1605; (233) Paul V, 1605; (234) Gregory XV 1621; (235) Urban VIII, 1623; (236) Innocent X, 1644; (237) Alexander VII, 1655;

(238) In 1655, Antonio Barberini, nephew of Urban VIII, was consecrated to the Episcopate under authority of the Bishop of Rome, by Bishops Scanarello, Bottini and Govotti. He was Archbishop of Remes 1657 untill his deat in 1671, and was made a Cardinal. It is from Bishop Barerini that the Roman Succession from Peter branches off from the Bishops of Rome.

(239) Michael le Tellier was consecrated by Barberini in 1668. He was confessor to King Louie XIV of France, and a Jesuit Provincal.

(240) Jaques Benigne de Bousseut, was consecrated by le Tellier in 1670 as Bishop of Mieux, France.

(241) James Coyon de Matignon, was consecrated by de Bousseut in 1693.

(242) Dominicus Marie Varlet, Consecrated in 1719 in Paris by Bishop de Matignon, assisted by the Bishop of Qubec and the Bishop of Claremont. He was named Coadjutor to the Roman Catholic Bishop of Babylon who died on November 20, 1717 and Bishop Varlet succeeded to the title. After a period in Persia at Schamake, he was susspended from office for alleged technicle irregularities, including the conformation of 604 candidates in Holland, whom he had confirmed at the request of the Church in Amsterdam. The Dutch Church had been without a Bishop for 18 years as a punishment from Rome because the Dutch Church refused to cooperate in the persicution of the "Jansenests" in Holland. Following the election of (243) Cornelius Van Steenhoven to serve as Archbishop of Utrecht, the Primatial See of Holland, Varlet agreed to perform the Consecration, which he did on October 15, 1724, thus making Van Steenhoven the seventh Archbishop of Utrecht and canonical successor to Saint Willibrord, the British missionary who had brought the faith to Holland. In this consecration was born the Old Catholic Church.

(244) Johannes Van Stiphout, 1745; (245) Gaultherus Michael Van Niewenhuizen, 1786; (246) Adrian Brockman, 1778; (247) Johannes Jacobus Van Rhijin, 1797; (248) Gilbertus de Jong, 1805; (249) Wilibrordus Van Os, 1814; (250) Johannes Bon, 1819; (251) Johannes Van Santen, 1825; (252) Hermanus Heijkamp, 1854; (253) Casparus Johannes Rinkel, 1873; (254) Geradus Gul, 1892.

(255) Arnold Harris Matthew was consecrated on April 28, 1908 by Archbishop Gul of Utrecht, assisted by Bishop J. J. Van Thiel of Haarlem, Bishop N. B. P. Spit of Deventer and Bishop J. Demmel of Bonn, Germany, to serve as the First Old Catholic Bishop of Britan.

(256) Fredrick Wiloughby, 1914; (257) James I Wedgewood, 1916; (258) Irving S. Cooper, 1919; (259) Charles Hampton, 1931. Hampton was Principal consecrator of (260) Herman A. Spruit.

The Jewish - Celtic line of Apostolic Succession

This line starts with James the Less who was the first bishop of Jerusalem. (Acts 15) The See of Jerusalem as a patriarchal see was named as such in AD 541, at the Council of Chalcedon.

1. JAMES the less 2. Simeon 3. Justus I 4. Zaccheus 5. Tobias 6. Benjamin 7. John I 8. Matthias 9. Philip 10. Seneca 11. Justus II 12. Levi 13. Ephraim 14. Joseph 15. Judas 16. Marcus 17. Cassianus 18. Publius 19. Maximus I 20. Julian 21. Caius 22. Symmachus 23. Caius II 24. Julian II 25. Maximus II 26. Antonius 27. Capito 28. Valius 29. Daleanus 30. Narcissus 31. Dius 32. Germanio 33. Gordius 34. Alexander 35. Nazabancs 36. Hymenacus 37. Zamboas 38. Herman 39. Marcarius I 40. Maximus III 41. Cyril 42. Herenius 43. Hilary 44. John II 45. Praglius 46. Juvenal 47. Anastacius 48. Martyrius 49. Salutis 50. Elias 51. John III of Jerusalem 52. ST. DAVID: consecrated first Celtic Bishop of Mineva, St. David's, Wales (AD 519) 53. Cynog 54. Teilo 55. Ceven 56. Morfall 57. Haerwneu 58. Elwaed 59. Gwrnwen 60. Llumverth 61. Gwrgwyst 62. Gwgan 63. Eineon 64. Clydawg 65. Elfod 66. Ethelman 67. Elane 68. Magelsgwyd 69. Made 70. Cadell 71. Sadwrnfen 72. Novis 73. Sulhaithnay 74. Idwall 75. Asser 76. Arthwael 77. Samson 78. Reubin 79. Rhydderch 80. Elwin 81. Morbiw 82. Llunwerth 83. Hubert 84. Enerius 85. Ivor 86. Morgeneu I 87. Nathan 88. Jenan 89. Arwystl 90. Morgeneu II 91. Ervin 92. Trahacarn 93. Joseph 94. Bleiddud 95. Salien 96. Abraham 97. Rhyddmarch 98. Wilfrid 99. Bernard 100. D. Fitzgerald 101. P. deLeia 102. G. Camb 103. G. deHenelawe 104. Jowerth 105. Gross 106. deCarew 107. T. Hech 108. D. Martin 109. H. Gower 110. J. Thorsby 111. R. Brian 112. F. Fastolfe 113. H. Doughton 114. J. Gilbert 115. G. deMona 116. HENRY CHICHELE: Bishop of the Celtic Church in Wales, St. David's in 1408, made Archbishop of Canterbury by Rome in 1414. 117. J. Stalford 118. J. Kemp 119. T. Bourchier 120. J. Morton 121. H. Dean 122. W. Wareham 123. THOMAS CRANMER: from a Celtic line made Archbishop of Canterbury. 124. R. Pole 125. M. Parker 126. E. Grindall 127. J. Whitgift 128. R. Bancroft 129. G. Abbott 130. W. Laud, Bishop of St. David's of Wales 1621, 1629 chancellor of Oxford University, 1633 Archbishop of Canterbury. 131. W. Juxon 132. G. Sheldon 133. W. SANCROFT NOTE: The Episcopal Church in the USA lineages of both Samuel Seabury and Thomas Herring are traced back to William Sancroft. Either link may be followed to reach William Sancroft, and ultimately go to the oldest recorded consecration for this line of Apostolic Succession. 134. T. White 135. G. Hickes 136. J. Gadderar 137. T. Rattray 138. W. Falconar 139. R. KILGOUR as Bishop of Aberdeen, who was consecrated on the 12th of February 1775 by Bishop Frederick Corwallis, who himself was consecrated on the 19th of February 1750 by Bishop Thomas Herring. Bishop KILGOUR on the 14th of November 1784 consecrated 140. SAMUEL SEABURY, as Bishop of Connecticut, of the Episcopal Church USA., who on the 17th of September 1792 consecrated 141. T. J. Claggett 142. Edward Bass - consecrated May 7, 1797 143. Abraham Jarvis - consecrated October 18, 1797 144 .A.V. Griswold - consecrated May 29, 1811 145. J.H. Hopkins - consecrated October 31, 1832 146. G.D. Cummins - consecrated November 15, 1866 147. Charles E. Cheney - consecrated December 14, 1873 148. W.R. Nicholson - consecrated February 24, 1876 149. A.S. Richardson - consecrated June 22, 1879 150. Leon Chechemian - consecrated 1890 151. Andrew Charles Albert McLagen - consecrated November 2, 1897 152. James Heard - consecrated June 4, 1922 153. William Bernard Crow - consecrated June 13, 1943 154. Hugh George De Willmott Newman - consecrated April 10, 1944 155. Wallace David De Ortega Maxey - consecrated June 6, 1946 156. Lowell Paul Wadle - consecrated April 7, 1957 157. Herman Adrian Spruit - consecrated June 22, 1957

OTHER LINES FROM H. A. SPRUIT:

1. Armenian Uniate: Chorchurian - Chechamian - Crow - Newman - Maxey - Wadle - Spruit.

2. Syro-Chaldean: St. Thomas - Shimun XVIII - Antony - Bartlett - Newman - Maxey - Wadle - Spruit.

3. Greek Melchite: Cyril VI - Savoya - Aneed - Spruit. Spruit was appointed Patriarch of the Byzantine Orthodox Catholic Church by Bishop Aneed, whom he succeded in that position.

4. Orthodox Patriarchate: (Constantinople) - Sergius - Klefish - Aneed - Wadle - Spruit.

5. Russian Orthodox: Nikon - Makarius - Ortinsky - Kleefish - Aneed - Wadle - Spruit.

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